Incidence of skin diseases among children on the rise: Dr.Mehta

May 15, 2016 01:40 PM

Punjab News Express/Y.S.Rana
CHANDIGARH: Incidence of skin diseases among small children is increasing every year, says Dr S.D Mehta, skin specialist and added that every year more and more children came under the grip of skin diseases. Small wonders, the queues at the skin OPDs in hospitals—PGI, General Hospital Sector 16 and GMCH 32 are lengthening by the day.

Rise in day temperature every year has The unusual rise in day temperature which is ruling at five-year high in the first fortnight of May has increased the incidence of such diseases as polymorphous light eruption (PMLE); miliaria rubra and skin infections light as well as severe in Chandigarh.

While talking to Daily Post Dr Mehta said that there was an increase of more than 10 per cent in the number of patients came to his clinic in Mohali for various skin diseases compared to last year. And, if there is no respite from the rise in temperature, the cases of skin diseases might go up further not only in Chandigarh but also in the neighbouring States as heat was the mother of all such diseases, he said.

Dr Mehta further said that the sunlight was the primary causative factor for PMLE. In summer, many of us did not prefer full-sleeve and exposure to sunlight caused skin irritation, which might be itchy or painful. It is quite common during rise in temperature 10 to 20 per cent people could be affected because it is caused by UVA or UVB rays. PMLE affects females two to three times more than males, he said. “During summer one should cover his body with cotton clothes to protect it from direct exposure to sun heat,” advised Dr Mehta.

Doctors there told that on a conservative estimate, the incidence of such diseases and the number of patients was about15 per cent more than in the corresponding period last year. Each OPD in these hospital attended about 30-40 patients of PMLE; 10-15 of miliaria rubra; and 40-50 of skin infection every day.
Miliaria rubra also known as ‘Pitt’ affected people of all ages. It is especially common among children and infants due to their under-developed sweat glands. When sweat gland ducts get plugged due to dead skin cells or bacteria, it leads to pricking, itching and a rash of very small blisters. It can be prevented by avoiding activities that induce sweating, wearing light and loose-fitted clothing and avoiding hot and humid weather. Frequent cool showers with mild soap can provide relief.
Skin infection is another tyupe of disease that causes painful boils and pus-filled lumps on the skin especially on face. Fungal infection (daad) is a group of disease caused by ‘fungi’ affected groins, armpits, nails, toes, feet or other parts of the body where more sweating generally occurs. Retention of sweat promotes growth of fungus causing peeling, scaling and sometimes even blistering. It can be prevented by keeping the body dry and sweat free, wearing loose cotton clothes and taking special care of personal hygiene, advised Dr Mehta and added any how prevention was better than cure. People should be more careful during rise in temperature.
Some do’s and don’ts

1 Avoid direct expose to sun rays.
2 Keep away from hot and humid weather.
3 Wear cotton and loose fitted clothes.
4 take frequent showers.
5 Avoid activities that induce sweating.

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