Punjab News Express
CHANDIGARH : Iron deficiency anemia is a common disorder and most of the times, patients are unaware. Anemia which is also known as a silent killer, is considered to be a public health problem both in the developed and developing countries such as India.
It is estimated that around, 40% of women in the urban areas & 80% of women in the rural areas are found to be anemic. 
Iron Deficiency Anemia remains undiagnosed to a large extent due to the lack of the most evident symptoms. One of the key factors for this remains the low awareness levels amongst the masses specially women who are more prone to this disorder. Hence, it is extremely crucial to understand the main causes, its impact and the treatment options available before it leads to many health hazards like breathlessness, pregnancy complications and even cardiac failure.
Causes of iron deficiency anemia include decreased iron intake, increased iron loss from body- worm infestation, excessive menstrual blood loss, increased iron requirement during Pregnancy, growing children.
Anemia is not restricted to a specific section of the population & it can impact children, men & specially women of all age groups. It is mainly apparent amongst low socio-economic status, pregnant females and females with repeated pregnancies at short interval, adolescent girls & children.
Anemia is also curable through increased nutritional intake via the iron rich diet like green leafy vegetables, jaggery, meat and cooking in iron utensils. The other treatment options available include oral iron – iron sulfate & iron ascorbate, Injectable iron – intramuscular & intravenous and deworming.
Government also has a number of initiatives like the Interventions by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme of MWCD, National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (Mid-day Meal programme) and many more.
World Health Assembly has also come out with a target of a 50% reduction of anaemia in women of reproductive age by 2025 can be achieved with support from across the board.  To start right from creating awareness, diagnosis to the treatment & also taking the right preventive measures and ensuring regular checkups.